Overview
TitleA new source of root-knot nematode resistance from Arachis stenosperma incorporated into allotetraploid peanut (Arachis hypogaea)
AuthorsBallen-Taborda C, Chu Y, Ozias-Akins P, Timper P, Holbrook CC, Jackson SA, Bertioli DJ, Leal-Bertioli SCM
TypeJournal
Media TitleScientific Reports
Volume9
IssueN/A
Year2019
Page(s)E17702
CitationBallen-Taborda C, Chu Y, Ozias-Akins P, Timper P, Holbrook CC, Jackson SA, Bertioli DJ, Leal-Bertioli SCM. (2019). A new source of root-knot nematode resistance from Arachis stenosperma incorporated into allotetraploid peanut (Arachis hypogaea). Scientific Reports. 9:NULL E17702

Abstract

Root-knot nematode is a very destructive pathogen, to which most peanut cultivars are highly susceptible. Strong resistance is present in the wild diploid peanut relatives. Previously, QTLs controlling nematode resistance were identified on chromosomes A02, A04 and A09 of Arachis stenosperma. Here, to study the inheritance of these resistance alleles within the genetic background of tetraploid peanut, an F2 population was developed from a cross between peanut and an induced allotetraploid that incorporated A. stenosperma, [Arachis batizocoi x A. stenosperma]4x. This population was genotyped using a SNP array and phenotyped for nematode resistance. QTL analysis allowed us to verify the major-effect QTL on chromosome A02 and a secondary QTL on A09, each contributing to a percentage reduction in nematode multiplication up to 98.2%. These were validated in selected F2:3 lines. The genome location of the large-effect QTL on A02 is rich in genes encoding TIR-NBS-LRR protein domains that are involved in plant defenses. We conclude that the strong resistance to RKN, derived from the diploid A. stenosperma, is transferrable and expressed in tetraploid peanut. Currently it is being used in breeding programs for introgressing a new source of nematode resistance and to widen the genetic basis of agronomically adapted peanut lines.
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Projects
This publication contains information about 2 projects:
Project NameDescription
Ballen-Taborda, Chu et al., 2019a exp1
Ballen-Taborda, Chu et al., 2019a exp2
Properties
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Publication Speciesarachis
URLhttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-54183-1
KeywordsNULL
Cross References
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DatabaseAccession
DOI: Document Object IdentifierDOI:10.1038/s41598-019-54183-1
PMID: PubMedPMID:31776412
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